January 2015


Jivamukti Yoga Focus of the Month 
2015.January
Time Was , Is , and Will Be
__________________________

時間とは何か?

① 過去、現在、未来は ―― a) 存在する。 時間とは「経過」するものである。
              b) 存在しない。時間とは「幻想」である。

② 私たちは過去の記憶はあるけれども、未来の記憶はない。

③「時間の経過」の感覚は一定ではない。
 (ex) 楽しくてあっという間に感じる/待ち時間がとても長く感じた

④「時間の経過」そのものが一定ではない。
  ・高所→はやい
  ・低所→遅い
   (ex) 山と海 / マンションの50階と1階 / 頭と足
  頭の方が、足より先に年をとる。inversion(逆転)が若返りのポーズと言われている所以。

⑤タイムトラベルのパラドックス
  タイムマシンで過去にタイムトラベルをして、自分のおじいさんを殺した。
  →おじいさんが死んでしまったら、自分自身は存在しない。
  →おじいさんを殺す事は出来ない <パラドックス>
  =過去へのタイムとラベルは不可能である。 
  =今は今しかない。 この今、一瞬を大切にする事。

⑥ ksana-pratiyogi parinamaparanta nirgrahyah kramah
( ksana = 点 一瞬 )
  ( krama = 線 点が繋がったもの。点しかない世界に、時間軸という空間が生まれる)
 「点の連続によって出来上がった線とは、線が出来上がった後にのみ認識する事が出来る」
 「今」の連続が未来であり、その結果は未来になってみないと認識出来ない。

☆karmaの法則(原因と結果の法則)= 結果はその前の行動からもたらされる。
                (未来 / 現在)(現在・過去 / 過去)
 =今この瞬間の挑戦と行動が未来をきり拓いて行く。

その為にはどうするか
ヨガのアプローチ → 行動を無意識でなく、意識して行う事。
・無意識でした行い→記憶に残らない(→②)→その行動自体が失われる
=全ての行動に意識を持つ事。
これこそが過去、現在、未来の繋がりを感じることであり、そして今どうするかが自分の未来をきり拓いて行く。
“ksana-pratiyogi parinamaparanta nirgrahyah kramah
The succession of changes (the uninterrupted sequence of moments) is only recognized as distinct moments when one has transcended those moments and is at the other end.”
Yoga Sutras IV.33
We regulate and evaluate our lives by time. Seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years, and decades are all measures of time. Time – that you can see passing in the sweep of the second hand and the sweep of the Sun across the sky. But how accurate are the measures of time that we judge our success or failure in living, the length of our yoga practice and the paycheck we receive? Do past, present, and future actually exist, and can you visit them?

The age-old quest into the nature of time floats somewhere between physics and philosophy. Time is a very mysterious thing. The best scientific minds do not agree on the qualities or nature of time. There are basically two modern theories of how time works:
A theory – past present and future exist and time passes
B theory – no time is objectively past, present, or future, the passage of time is an illusion.

Either theory could be true, or both. We accumulate memories about the past but we have no memory of the future, so time does seem to be traveling from the past to the future. Time moves slowly sometimes and faster other times…or at least it seems to. For example, raising your body temperature can slow down your sense of time as much as 20%. That is why yoga class seems to contain so much – in so little clock time. Time runs faster at elevation too, so clocks run faster if they are raised by just 12 inches. People who live on the top floor apartment age more quickly than on the ground floor. Time passes more slowly at sea level than it does in the mountains. (Time passes slowly in Shavasana.) Your head ages faster than your feet – unless you invert everyday!

Could we travel through time? The grandfather paradox states that if you went back in time to a period before your parents were conceived and killed your grandfather before he had a chance to father your parent, you will never be born — which means, you could never have existed to go back in time and killed your grandfather which means backward time travel will interfere with the future path of the thing which travelled and that the inherent impossibility of this makes backward time travel impossible. This paradox makes sense from a physical point of view, but perhaps time travel takes place in other dimensions, perhaps in the realm of Super Consciousness itself.

The yogic method for transcending time is to dive deep into it. In Hinduism, god is personified as time – Kala, and Time moves in relentless and bloody cycles that repeat. In yoga sutra ksana represents the smallest increment of elapsed time – a moment. A ksana is so small that it actually has no duration. Ksana is time out of time. It is much like the point in geometry. In the same way that a point has no dimensional existence of height, length, or width – the ksana has no duration. The point that is repeated creates the first dimension of length. The ksana that is repeated creates the arrow of time that seems to move from the past to the future, the kramah. The trouble is (according to the sutra,) that we don’t realize the impact of our actions, until it is too late to do anything about it by changing our actions. Hindsight is 20/20!

The reason we cannot seem to link our current actions, with past actions and future results, is because we act unconsciously. When consciousness lapses the continuity of actions is lost. The present moment seems to have unrelated challenges and novel inventions of fate. “How did I get here?” “Why is this happening to me?” The world seems to be coming at us for no fault of our own. Yoga practices reveal how your actions result in the life you experience, and your projections appear – as the world before you.

Too bad we can’t pierce the veil of time and inhabit our past, present and future now!

But you can…and you will reach a state, through yoga practices, when there are no more unconscious lapses – we call it Super Consciousness. You will experience past, present, and future time as continuous and connected. You can free yourself from a time-bound existence.

January 2015 – David Life

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